Not only do Transgender and Gender-Variant Canadians experience a high rate of violent assault, they are often treated as though they bring these assaults on themselves simply based on their Gender Expression. They are often unable to report assaults, are denied service when they do report, and can even face further assaults within the legal system. If they make a self-defense claim, they’re often treated as if they’ve committed the assault, or even murder.
Under the Canadian Criminal Code, there is no language that defines violence against someone based on their Gender Identity and Expression as a hate crime. People are encouraged to advocate for legislation that would amend this, in order to protect Transgender and Gender-Variant people from physical abuse.